Agent Name

CHLORINATED SOLVENTS

Alternative Name

CLASS

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

CLASSES

Category

Chlorinated Aliphatics

Sources/Uses

Trichloroethylene as a vapor degreaser has been replaced by 1,1,1-trichloroethane and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). CFCs are being phased out because of their ozone-depleting properties. Perchloroethylene has replaced mineral spirits and carbon tetrachloride in dry cleaning facilities. Methylene chloride is used for paint stripping and extraction, chloroform for spot cleaning and extraction, and carbon tetrachloride for organic synthesis. [LaDou, p. 510] In a 1996 survey, chlorinated solvents were commonly used. By 2004, use was substantially reduced and none of them were in the top five degreasing solvents. [Reference #1]

Reference Link

Field survey on types of organic solvents used in ...[Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2006] - PubMed Result

Adverse Effects
Nephrotoxin

Yes

Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: