Agent Name

Diesel fuel

CAS Number

68334-30-5; 68476-30-2; 68476-31-3; 77650-28-3

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

Astral oil, Gas oil, Coal oil, Fuel oil, Home heating oil, Marine diesel fuel; [ACGIH]

Category

Petroleum, Refined

Description

Brown to straw-colored liquids; [ACGIH] A mixture of aliphatic, olefinic, naphthenic, and aromatic hydrocarbons; [CHEMINFO MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used for heating oil and diesel engines; [CHEMINFO MSDS] Used as fuel for engines, lamps, heaters, furnaces, and stoves; Also used as solvents; [ATSDR ToxFAQs]

Comments

TSCA Definition 2008: A mixture of crude oil distillates with carbon numbers of C9 to C20 and boiling points of 163 deg C to 357 deg C; [ChemIDplus] Critical Effects: skin; irritation; "Avoid prolonged and repeated skin contact to diesel fuels which can lead to dermal irritation and may be associated with and increased risk of skin cancer." Diesel fuel does not contain significant levels of polynuclear aromatics (PNAs) and contains <0.01% benzene and n-hexane. Rats and mice exposed repeatedly to high doses show evidence of liver damage. IARC classified marine diesel fuel as 2B (possible human carcinogen) and exposures in petroleum refineries as 2A (probable carcinogen). A few cases of acute renal failure following diesel exposure have been reported. [ACGIH] Excessive inhalation can cause CNS depression and heartbeat irregularities; [CHEMINFO MSDS] Acute tubular necrosis has been reported after heavy skin exposure, e.g., frequent hand washing with diesel oil over several weeks. [Rosenstock] See "Petroleum mid-distillate."

Reference Link

ATSDR - ToxFAQs: Fuel Oils / Kerosene

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

100 mg/m3, as total hydrocarbons (inhalable fraction and vapor)

Vapor Pressure

2.1 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

VP = 2.1 to 2.6 torr @ 21 degrees C; [ACGIH]

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Nephrotoxin

Yes

Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

IARC Carcinogen

Possible Carcinogen

ACGIH Carcinogen

Confirmed Animal

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: