Disease/Syndrome

Bone cancer

Category

Cancer, Occupational

Acute/Chronic

Chronic

Synonyms

Bone Neoplasms; Cancer of bone

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Comments

A sentinel health event (occupational) associated with radium exposure by radium chemists, processors, and dial painters; [Mullan] Documented causes of radiation-induced bone cancer in humans include 226-radium, 228-radium, 224-radium, plutonium, Thorotrast (thorium oxide), and radiotherapy. "Radiation-induced bone cancer appears, it seems, only at very high doses, and it is rarely reported at doses under 5 Gy." [Schottenfeld, p. 946-52] There was strong evidence of work-related bone cancer in radium dial painters and a "meaningful association" in Mayak workers who had very high exposure to plutonium. [Boice, p. 261]

Latency/Incubation

Years to decades

Diagnostic

Biopsy

ICD-9 Code

170

Reference Link

Bone & Cartilage Sarcomas : BC Cancer Agency

Related Information in Haz-Map
Agents

Hazardous agents that cause the occupational disease: