Agent Name

ORGANIC SOLVENTS

Alternative Name

CLASS

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

CLASSES

Category

Other Solvents

Sources/Uses

Many solvents are used in organic synthesis, but higher exposures to workers occur when these chemicals are used in open processes, e.g., as degreasers and as solvents for paints, dyes, and pesticides. [Ladou, p. 481] Highest exposures in the past occurred in dry cleaning, screen printing, rotogravure printing, industrial painting, manufacturing of glass reinforced plastic, and tile fixing; [Reference #2]

Comments

Most industrial solvents are in a liquid state at room temperature. They are used to disperse other substances into solution, e.g., cleaning, degreasing, thinning, and extracting. Organic solvents include several classes of chemicals: hydrocarbons (aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic), petroleum distillates, alcohols, glycols, phenols, ketones, esters, ethers, glycol ethers, chlorinated hydrocarbons, and chlorofluorocarbons. [LaDou, p. 481-5] See the Disease, "Solvents, acute toxic effect."

Reference Link

OSHA Technical Links: Solvents

Exposure Assessment
Reference Link

Solvent neurotoxicity. [Occup Environ Med. 2006] - PubMed Result

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: