Agent Name

Chloramide

CAS Number

10599-90-3

Formula

Cl-H2-N

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Chloramide; Chloramine; Chloramine (inorganic compound); Chloramine, mono-; Chloroamine; Monochloramide; Monochloramine; Monochloroamine; Monochloroammonia; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Other Nitrogen Compounds

Description

Colorless to yellow liquid with a strong pungent odor; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used as a chemical intermediate for organic synthesis; [HSDB] Formed when household bleach (sodium hypochlorite) mixed with ammonia or when bleach is added to septic systems and reacts with urinary nitrogenous compounds; [Goldfrank, p. 1647]

Comments

Chloramide vapor may be formed from the mixing of hypochlorite bleach and ammonia in household products. It is a skin and respiratory irritant, but there are no reports of serious sequelae following human inhalation exposures. Chloramide at high concentrations can cause pulmonary edema in animal experiments. Methemoglobinemia due to chloramines in the dialysate was reported in dialysis patients. [HSDB] Can cause immunologic contact urticaria; [Kanerva 2004, p. 103]

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Anemia

Anemia, Hemolytic

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

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Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: