Agent Name

Cyanide

CAS Number

57-12-5

Formula

C-N

Major Category

Toxic Gases & Vapors

Synonyms

Carbon nitride ion (CN(sup 1-)); Carbon nitride ion (CN1-); Cyanide (CN(sup 1-)); Cyanide anion; Cyanide ion; Cyanide ions; Cyanide(1-); Cyanide(1-) ion; Cyanure [French]; Hydrocyanic acid, ion(1-)-; Isocyanide; Nitrile anion; Cyanide (anion); [ChemIDplus] UN1588; UN1935 (solution)

Category

Chemical Asphyxiants

Comments

Causes tremor, convulsions, and dyspnea in intraperitoneal lethal-dose studies of mice (LD50 = 3 mg/kg); [RTECS] Aqueous solutions slowly evolve hydrogen cyanide; [CAMEO] Free cyanide (as HCN or CN-) is the most toxic form of cyanide; [EPA: Exposure Risk Assessment] See "CYANIDES."

Reference Link

ATSDR - ToxFAQs: Cyanide

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Cyanide, inorganic, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Other Poison

Chemical Asphyxiant

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: