Agent Name

Pentachloronitrobenzene

Alternative Name

Quintozene

CAS Number

82-68-8

Formula

C6-Cl5-N-O2

Major Category

Pesticides

Synonyms

Quintozene; 101 Brand PCNB 75 Wettable; Avicol; Avicol (pesticide); Avicol, pesticide (VAN); Batrilex; Benzene, nitropentachloro-; Benzene, pentachloronitro-; Botrilex; Brassicol; Brassicol 75; Brassicol super; Chinozan; Earthcide; Fartox; Folosan; Fomac 2; Fungiclor; GC 3944-3-4; Gustafson Terraclor 80% Dust Concentrate; HOE 026014; KOBU; KP 2; Kobutol; Liro-PCNB; Marisan forte; Nitropentachlorobenzene; Olin Terraclor 75% Wettable Powder; Olin Terraclor 90% Dust Concentrate; Olin Terraclor Technical Grade PCNB 99% Soil Fungicide; Olpisan; PCNB; PKhNb; Pcnb 100; Pcnb Technical Material for Manufacturing Purposes Only; Pentachlornitrobenzol [German]; Pentachloronitrobenzene; Pentachloronitrobenzol; Pentagen; Phomasan; Quinosan; Quintocene; Quintozen; RTU 1010; Saniclor 30; Technical Grade PCNB 95%; Terrachlor; Terraclor; Terraclor 30 G; Terrafun; Terrazan; Tilcarex; Tri-pcnb; Tritisan; Benzene, 1,2,3,4,5-pentachloro-6-nitro-; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Fungicides

Description

Pale yellow crystals with a musty odor; [HSDB] Solid; Colorless when pure, the technical product is pale yellow; [ICSC] Colorless needles; [Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as a soil and seed fungicide; [HSDB] Used as a seed, soil, and foliage (mainly turf) fungicide for vegetables, field crops, seeds, turf, and ornamentals; [Reference #1]

Comments

Allergic contact dermatitis reported in workers manufacturing and applying this pesticide; [Kanerva, p. 1166] Methemoglobinemia and liver injury occur in animal feeding studies. [ACGIH] Extended or repeated exposure may cause liver injury; [ICSC] May contain hexachlorobenzene as a contaminant; Not an irritant; A weak skin sensitizer; High-dose chronic dietary studies of rats and dogs have produced liver injury; [INCHEM HSG] May cause irritation; Inhalation may cause allergy, asthma symptoms, or difficulty breathing; Harmful by ingestion; [Aldrich MSDS]

Reference Link

EPA REDs: Pentachloronitrobenzene - 2006

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

0.5 mg/m3

Vapor Pressure

5e-05 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 1,400 mg/m3

Explanatory Notes

"Danger of sensitization of skin." [MAK]

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Anemia

Anemia, Hemolytic

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

ACGIH Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: