Agent Name

ACRYLIC RESINS (MONOMERS)

Alternative Name

CLASS

Major Category

Plastics & Rubber

Synonyms

CLASSES; (Meth)acrylates; Acrylate plastic monomers; Acrylate resin monomers; Acrylic resins are polymers of methyl methacrylate, ethyl methacrylate, ethyl acrylate, BIS-GMA, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, 2-hydroxypropyl acrylate and other esters of acrylic acid, methacrylic acid and cyanoacrylic acid.

Category

(Meth)acrylates

Description

Acrylates & methacrylates polymerize when exposed to light or oxygen. Hydroquinone or other inhibitors are added to technical products. At room temperature, low-molecular-weight acrylates & methacrylates are liquids with an acrid odor. [Zenz, p. 755]

Sources/Uses

Used in 1) plastics (skylights, house wares, lamps, watch crystals, etc.); 2) paints and lacquers; 3) glues and sealants; 4) paper, cardboard, leather and textile finishes; 5) printing inks, plates and photoresists; and 6) dental and orthopedic cements and prostheses; [Zenz, p. 755-6] Used in dentistry for "composite restorative materials, bonding agents and dentures." [Reference #2]

Comments

Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in construction workers, dental workers, electronics workers, printers, and manicurists (artificial sculptured nails); [Marks] ACD after contact with resins and glues frequently reported in dental workers, hairstylists, and car workers; Also after exposure to inks (textile fabric printers); [Kanerva, p. 1738-46] "Allergic contact dermatitis from acrylic resins typically affects the fingertips." [Kanerva, p. 543] Occupational asthma has been reported in nurses regularly mixing methyl methacrylate for bone cement and in workers using ethyl and methyl cyanoacrylate glues. [Zenz, p. 761]

Reference Link

10 years of patch testing with the (meth)acrylate series

Exposure Assessment
Reference Link

Contact allergy and hand eczema in Swedish dentists

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Asthma

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: