Agent Name

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate

CAS Number

78-11-5

Formula

C5-H8-N4-O12

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

1,3-Dinitrato-2,2-bis(nitratomethyl)propane; 1,3-Propanediol, 2,2-bis((nitrooxy)methyl)-, dinitrate (ester); 2,2-Bis((nitrooxy)methyl)-1,3-propanediol dinitrate (ester); 2,2-Bis(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol tetranitrate; 2,2-Bisdihydroxymethyl-1,3-propanediol tetranitrate; Angicap; Angitet; Antora; Arcotrate; Baritrate; C 2; C 2 (explosive); CHOT; CHot; Cardiacap; Corpent; Deltrate 20; Deltrate-20; Dilcoran 80; Dilcoran-80; Dipentrate; Duotrate; El PETN; Erinit; Erynitum; Extex; Hasethrol; Kaytrate; LX 02-1; LX 08-0; LX 13; LX 16 (explosive); Lentrat; Lowetrate; Martrate 45; Martrate-45; Metranil; Mikardol; Mycardol; Myotrate "10"; Myotrate 10; Neo-corovas; Neopentanetetrayl nitrate; Niperyt; Niperyth; Nitrin; Nitrinal; Nitrine; Nitrinol; Nitro-Riletten; Nitrolong; Nitropent; Nitropenta; Nitropenta 7W; Nitropentaerythrite; Nitropentaerythritol; Nitropenton; Nitrotalans; PBXN 301; PENT; PETN; Pen-Tetra; Pencard; Penta; Pentaerithrityli tetranitras [INN-Latin]; Pentaeritrile tetranitrato [DCIT]; Pentaerythrite tetranitrate; Pentaerythritol nitrate; Pentaerythritol tetranitrate, diluted; Pentaerythrityl tetranitrate; Pentaerythritylium tetranitricum; Pentafin; Pentanitrine; Pentanitrol; Pentanitrolum; Pentarit; Pentestan-80; Pentetrate unicelles; Penthrit; Penthrite; Pentitrate; Pentral 80; Pentrate; Pentriol; Pentrite; Pentritol; Pentritol Tempules; Pentryate; Pentryate 80; Pergitral; Peridex; Peridex-LA; Peritrate; Perityl; Prevangor; Quintrate; Rythritol; SDM No. 23; SDM No. 35; Subicard; TEN [Vasodilator]; Tanipent; Tentrate-20; Terpate; Tetranitrate de pentaerithrityle [INN-French]; Tetranitrato de pentaeritritilo [INN-Spanish]; Tetranitropentaerythrite; Tetrasule; Tranite D-lay; Vasitol; Vaso-80; Vaso-80 unicelies; Vasodiatol; Vasolat; XTX 8003; [ChemIDplus] UN0411 (Explosive 1.1D); UN3344

Category

Explosives

Description

Colorless to white solid; [ICSC]

Sources/Uses

Used to manufacture detonating fuses (Primacord), blasting caps, and pharmaceuticals (vasodilators) [HSDB]

Comments

Ingestion of large amounts may induce methemoglobinemia. [HSDB] May explode on heating, shock , friction, or concussion; May cause lowering of blood pressure; [ICSC] A high explosive and strong oxidizing agent; [CAMEO]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.36E-7 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Pentaerythritol tetranitrate, desensitized, solid, n.o.s., with more than 10% but not more than 20% PETN."

Adverse Effects
Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

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