Agent Name

1,2,3,4-Tetrahydronaphthalene

Alternative Name

Tetralin

CAS Number

119-64-2

Formula

C10-H12

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Bacticin; Benzocyclohexane; Naphthalene 1,2,3,4-tetrahydride; Naphthalene, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-; Tetrahydronaphthalene; Tetralina [Polish]; Tetraline; Tetranap; delta(sup 5,7,9)-Naphthantriene; Tetralin; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Naphthalenes

Description

Light-colored liquid; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used in the solvent, paint, varnish, and rubber industries; tetralin is used in shoe polish and floor wax; [HSDB]

Comments

Listed in table of "Methemoglobinemia-inducing agents: industrial, environmental, and pharmaceutical"; [Sullivan, p. 729]; Tetralin is a skin and mucous membrane irritant. When used in poorly ventilated areas, tetralin may cause central nervous system depression. Ingestion of tetralin has caused green urine and laboratory evidence of liver and kidney injury. [HSDB] A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Inhalation of high concentrations may cause CNS effects; May cause kidney injury; [ICSC]

Exposure Assessment
MAK

2 ppm

Vapor Pressure

0.36 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (guinea pigs) = 275 ppm

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 82 deg C;

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: