Agent Name

2,2,2-Trichloroethanol

CAS Number

115-20-8

Formula

C2-H3-Cl3-O

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

(Hydroxymethyl)trichloromethane; 2,2,2-Trichloro-1-ethanol; 2,2,2-Trichloroethyl alcohol; Trichlorethanol; Trichloroethanol; Trichloroethyl alcohol; Ethanol, 2,2,2-trichloro-; [ChemIDplus] TCOH; [DOD] beta,beta,beta-Trichloroethanol; [RTECS]

Category

Halogenated Alcohols

Description

Hygroscopic liquid with an ethereal odor; mp = 18 deg C; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Used as a therapeutic sedative and hypnotic; [Merck Index]

Comments

Causes changes in lungs in oral lethal-dose studies of mice and rats; Causes changes in urine, red blood cells, and renal function tests in repeated dose oral studies of rats; [RTECS] A metabolite of chloral hydrate and trichloroethylene; [REPROTOX] An irritant; [Aldrich MSDS] See "Chloral hydrate."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.08 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: