Agent Name

2-Methylimidazole

CAS Number

693-98-1

Formula

C4-H6-N2

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1H-Imidazole, 2-methyl-; Imidazole, 2-methyl-; [ChemIDplus] 2MI; [HSDB]

Category

Imidazoles

Description

Solid; [HSDB] Colorless solid; [NTP] Crystalline solid; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used to make pharmaceuticals, photographic and photothermographic chemicals, dyes, pigments, agricultural chemicals, and rubber; Also used in epoxy resin systems for semiconductor potting compounds and soldering masks, as dyeing auxiliary for acrylic fibers and plastic foams, and in polymers such as epoxy resin pastes and acrylic rubber-fluororubber; [HSDB] Present in caramel coloring, tobacco smoke, wine, soy sauce, and other foods; Also formed when ammonia is added to livestock feed to increase nutritional value; Used in various polymers including acrylic rubber-fluororubber laminates, films, adhesives, textile finishes, and epoxy silane coatings; [NTP]

Comments

Causes neurological effects including convulsions and tremors in livestock and experimental animals; Changes in thyroid hormone concentrations, anemia, and testicular degeneration observed in studies of rodents; [NTP] Causes burns; Inhalation may cause corrosive injuries to upper respiratory tract and lungs; Toxic by ingestion; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "4-Methylimidazole."

Reference Link

IARC 2012: 2-Methylimidazole

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.01 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Vapor pressure = 0.00069 mm Hg at 25 deg C; [HSDB]

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

IARC Carcinogen

Possible Carcinogen

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: