Agent Name

Solvent naphtha (petroleum), medium aliphatic

Alternative Name

Stoddard Solvent IIC

CAS Number


Major Category

Other Classes


Stoddard Solvent IIC; Medium aliphatic solvent naphtha (petroleum); Solvent naphtha (petroleum), medium aliph.; Solvent naphtha, petroleum, medium aliph.; Solvent naphtha, (petroleum), medium aliph.; [ChemIDplus] White spirit type 0, regular flash point; Straight run kerosine; Straight run white spirit; [ICSC] 150/200 Solvent; 200/230 Solvent; CARCAL 2; CARCAL 7; CAS 17/20; CAS 20/15; MEDIUM ALIPHATIC NAPHTHA; SBP11; SBP6; Stoddards Solvent; Varol; White Spirit; White Spirit 115 F; White Spirit 40; White Spirits; [IUCLID] UN1268


Petroleum Distillates, Other


Colorless liquid; [ICSC]


Permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products; [EPA] Active pesticide product registrations in the US; [NPIRS] Used in solvents, paints, lacquers, varnishes, cleaning/washing agents, and adhesives and binding agents; [Reference #1] Used in the chemical, coatings (paints, lacquers, and varnishes), textile processing, and solvent industries; Used as a fuel, cleaning/washing agent, disinfectant, and solvent; [IUCLID]


TSCA Definition 2008: Obtained from the distillation of crude oil and consisting of saturated hydrocarbons with carbon numbers of C9 through C12 and boiling range of 140 deg C to 220 deg C; [ChemIDplus] Vapor is a mild eye and respiratory tract irritant; Inhalation of high concentrations can cause CNS depression; Ingestion may cause aspiration into the lungs; Extended or repeated exposure may cause liver and CNS injury; [ICSC] The primary hazard of repeated inhalation exposure to white spirits is neurotoxicity; Long-term occupational exposure has been associated with chronic toxic encephalopathy; [Reference #1] An eye and respiratory tract irritant; May cause CNS depression; Chronic overexposure may have adverse effects on the liver, urinary system, brain, and nervous system; [Sherwin-Williams MSDS] See "Stoddard solvent."

Reference Link

ECHA: Annex 1 - Background Document on White Spirit - 2011

Exposure Assessment
Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) > 5,500 mg/m3/4hr

Explanatory Notes

For TLV, see Appendix H: Reciprocal Calculation Method for Certain Refined Hydrocarbon Solvent Vapors; [TLVs and BEIs] VP = 1.5-4.5 mm Hg at 20 deg C; [ICSC] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Petroleum distillates, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects

CNS Solvent Syndrome


Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information


Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:


Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: