Agent Name

3-Methyl-2-butanol

CAS Number

598-75-4

Formula

C5-H12-O

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

1,2-Dimethyl-1-propanol; 1,2-Dimethylpropanol; 2-Butanol, 3-methyl-; 2-Methyl-3-butanol; Isopropylmethylcarbinol; Methylisopropylcarbinol; sec-Isoamyl alcohol; [ChemIDplus] sec-Isopentyl alcohol; Isopropyl methyl carbinol; [Merck Index] 3-Methylbutan-2-ol; [JECFA] UN1105

Category

Alcohols (<C12)

Description

Liquid; [Merck Index] Colorless liquid; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as flavoring agent or adjuvant; [FDA]

Comments

Overexposure may cause skin, eye, nose, and throat irritation, headache, dizziness, dyspnea, nausea, and vomiting; [Merck Index] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] A respiratory tract irritant; Harmful by inhalation; May defat the skin; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "2-Methyl-1-butanol" and "2-Methyl-2-butanol."

Exposure Assessment
MAK

20 ppm

Vapor Pressure

9.15 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Pentanols."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: