Agent Name

CHLORATES

Alternative Name

CLASS

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

CLASSES

Category

Other Inorganic Compounds

Sources/Uses

Potassium chlorate: Used in match heads; Barium chlorate: Used to make fireworks and explosives; Sodium chlorate: Used in herbicides; Other chlorates used to make dyes; [Olson, p. 170]

Comments

After ingestion, symptoms of poisoning include abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea. Methemoglobinemia may be accompanied by hemolysis, hemoglobinuria, liver injury and renal faliure. [Olson, p. 170] Chlorates are strong oxidizing agents--may cause spontaneous combustion or explosions when contact combustible materials; Chlorates are incompatible with ammonium salts, acids, metal powders, sulfur, and combustible materials, especially when finely divided; [Burke, p. 189] Chlorates in HSDB that have caused methemoglobinemia in experimental animals: sodium chlorate, barium chlorate, strontium chlorate, potassium chlorate, and calcium chlorate;

Adverse Effects
Anemia

Anemia, Hemolytic

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

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Other Information

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