Agent Name

Pentachloroethane

CAS Number

76-01-7

Formula

C2-H-Cl5

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

Ethane, 1,1,1,2,2-pentachloro-; Ethane pentachloride; Ethane, pentachloro-; Pentachloorethaan [Dutch]; Pentachloraethan [German]; Pentachlorethane [French]; Pentacloroetano [Italian]; Pentalin; [ChemIDplus] 1,1,1,2,2-Pentachloroethane; [CAMEO] UN1669

Category

Chlorinated Aliphatics

Description

Colorless liquid with a sweetish, chloroform-like odor; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used as a metal degreaser, dry cleaning agent, fumigant, timber drying agent, to separate impurities from coal, and as a solvent for chemicals, rubbers, resins, and gums; [HSDB] Used as a chemical intermediate and in soil sterilization; [NTP]

Comments

A central nervous system depressant in acute animal studies; [HSDB] An eye and respiratory tract irritant; May cause CNS depression; Chronic exposure may cause impaired nervous system function; [ICSC] Overexposure may cause liver and kidney injury; [NTP] May cause irritation; Prolonged or repeated inhalation exposure may cause organ injury; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
MAK

5 ppm

Vapor Pressure

3.5 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 4,238 ppm/2hr

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

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