Agent Name

Propanolamine

Alternative Name

3-Amino-1-propanol

CAS Number

156-87-6

Formula

C3-H9-N-O

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

3-Amino-1-propanol; 1,3-Propanolamine; 1-Amino-3-hydroxypropane; 1-Amino-3-propanol; 1-Propanol, 3-amino-; 3-Aminopropanol; 3-Aminopropyl alcohol; 3-Hydroxy-1-propylamine; 3-Hydroxypropylamine; 3-Propanolamine; beta-Alaninol; gamma-Aminopropanol; gamma-Hydroxy-1-propylamine; 3-Aminopropan-1-ol; n-Propanolamine; [ChemIDplus] UN2735

Category

Amino Alcohols, Other

Description

Colorless to pale yellow liquid with a fishy odor; mp = 12.4 deg C; [CAMEO] Colorless liquid with an odor of amines; mp = 11 deg C; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as a chemical intermediate; [HSDB]

Comments

A severe eye and moderate to severe skin irritant; [RTECS] Moderately toxic by ingestion; [CAMEO] A moderate irritant; [HSDB] A fairly severe skin irritant that may cause second-degree burns following a few minutes contact; Causes irritation or burns to eyes; Vapors cause moderate irritation; [CHRIS] Causes burns; Inhalation may cause corrosive injuries to upper respiratory tract and lungs; Harmful by ingestion and skin absorption; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.07 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Amines, liquid, corrosive, n.o.s."

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

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