Agent Name

Quaternary ammonium compounds, tri-C8-10-alkylmethyl, chlorides

CAS Number

63393-96-4

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Adogen 464; Aliquat 336; Aliquat 336S; Aliquat 7402; Aliquat N 263; Disperstat A; Disperstat W; Quaternary ammonium compounds, tri-C(sub 8-10)-alkylmethyl-, chlorides; [ChemIDplus] Tri-C(8-10)-alkylmethylammonium chlorides; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Category

Quaternary Amines

Description

Pale yellow liquid with a mild odor; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Disperstat is an antistatic agent used on textile materials; [trademarkia.com] Aliquat 336 is used as a phase transfer catalyst; [Wikipedia] Quaternary ammonium compounds are used as algaecides/slimicides (swimming pools, industrial water reservoirs, and farm ponds), antiseptics for cleaning wounds, antistatic agents for textiles, softeners for paper products, and pigment dispersers; [IPCS-PIMs]

Comments

Quaternary ammonium compounds have curare-like properties when concentrated solutions are ingested; Affected patients may have methemoglobinemia and hemolysis and die within 1-3 hours; Elevated liver function tests were reported; Concentrated solutions can cause burns; No data on carcinogenicity or teratogenicity; [IPCS-PIMs] An irritant that may cause serious eye injury; Toxic by ingestion; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 2,400 mg/m3/12hr

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: