Agent Name

4-Nitrobenzoyl chloride

CAS Number

122-04-3

Formula

C7-H4-Cl-N-O3

Major Category

Toxic Gases & Vapors

Synonyms

4-Nitrobenzoic acid chloride; p-Nitrobenzoic acid chloride; p-Nitrobenzoyl chloride; Benzoyl chloride, 4-nitro-; Benzoyl chloride, p-nitro-; [ChemIDplus] UN3261

Category

Acid Halides

Description

Bright yellow solid with pungent odor; [Merck Index] Yellow crystalline solid; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as an intermediate for dye stuffs and other chemicals; [NTP]

Comments

Causes ataxia and muscle contraction or spasticity in oral lethal-dose studies of mice, rabbits, and rats; Causes other changes in lungs, thorax, or respiration, pigmented or nucleated red blood cells, and changes in the spleen in 17-week intermittent inhalation studies (species not specified); Causes other changes in blood in 30-day intermittent oral studies of rats; [RTECS] Decomposed by water; [Merck Index] Reacts with water; [CAMEO] Causes burns; Inhalation may cause corrosive injuries to upper respiratory tract and lungs; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "Nitrobenzene" and "Benzoyl chloride."

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Corrosive solid, acidic, organic, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

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