Agent Name

Mesalamine

Alternative Name

5-Aminosalicylic acid

CAS Number

89-57-6

Formula

C7-H7-N-O3

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

5-Aminosalicylic acid; 5-ASA; 5-Amino-2-hydroxybenzoic acid; Apriso; Asacol; Asacol HD; Canasa; Claversal; Lialda; Mesalazina [Spanish]; Mesalazine; Mesalazinum [Latin]; Pentacol; Pentasa; Rowasa; Salofalk; m-Aminosalicylic acid; p-Aminosalicylsaeure [German]; Benzoic acid, 5-amino-2-hydroxy-; Salicylic acid, 5-amino-; [ChemIDplus] 5-Amino-2-hydroxybenzene-1-carboxylic acid; Fisalamine; Asacolitin; Lixacol; Mesasal; [Merck Index] Aminosalicylic acid, 5-; 2-Hydroxy-5-aminobenzoic acid; 3-Carboxy-4-hydroxyaniline; [NTP]

Category

Pharmaceuticals

Description

White to pinkish solid; [Merck Index] Purplish tan solid; [NTP] Powder; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used to make dyes and light-sensitive paper; Also used as a gastrointestinal anti-inflammatory drug; [Merck Index] A metabolite of the drug sulfasalazine; [REPROTOX]

Comments

Cardiac effects, renal toxicity, and pulmonary toxicity have been reported in patients taking this drug; Renal toxicity observed in experimental animals; [HSDB] Occupational asthma confirmed by broncho-provocation testing in a pharmaceutical worker; [Malo] No developmental toxicity observed in rats dosed up to 400 mg/kg/day during gestation; The preponderance of evidence suggests normal pregnancy outcomes in humans from therapeutic use throughout pregnancy; Does not appear to have the same effects on male fertility as sulfasalazine (abnormal semen parameters and infertility); [REPROTOX] May cause photosensitivity, cholestatic jaundice, diarrhea, dermatitis, agranulocytosis, muscle weakness, acute tubular necrosis, changes in structure or function of endocrine pancreas, focal lung fibrosis, and eosinophilia following oral administration in humans; [RTECS] A skin and strong eye irritant; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Reference Link

PubMed Health: Mesalamine

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

6.1E-8 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Asthma

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: