Agent Name

Methamidophos

CAS Number

10265-92-6

Formula

C2-H8-N-O2-P-S

Major Category

Pesticides

Synonyms

Monitor; Nitofol; Tamaron; Swipe; Nuratron; Vetaron; Filitox; Patrole; Tamanox; SRA 5172; Tam; [EXTOXNET] Acephate-met; Amidor; Bayer 5546; CKB 1220; Chevron 9006; Chevron ortho 9006; ENT 27,396; Filitox; Hamidop; MTD; Metamidofos estrella; Metamidophos; Methyl phosphoramidothioate ((MeO)(MeS)P(O)(NH2)); Monitor (insecticide); O,S-Dimethyl phosphoramidothioate; Ortho 9006; Ortho Monitor; Pillaron; RE 9006; Sniper; Tahmabon; Thiophosphorsaeure-O,S-dimethylesteramid [German]; Phosphoramidothioic acid, O,S-dimethyl ester; [ChemIDplus] UN2783

Category

Organophosphate Insecticides

Description

Colorless crystals with a mercaptan-like odor; [HSDB] Colorless to white solid with a strong odor of mercaptans; Formulated as technical/manufacturing use liquid and emulsifiable concentrate end-use-product; [Reference #2]

Sources/Uses

Used to kill insects on broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, grapes, celery, sugar beets, cotton, tobacco, and potatoes; [EXTOXNET] Used to control a wide range of insects in potatoes, tomatoes (special local need only), cotton, and alfalfa grown for seed; Used in other countries on strawberries, peppers, and squash; [Reference #2]

Comments

Classified as "highly toxic," it may be used only by certified applicators. [EXTOXNET] A small number of the organophosphates (OPs) can Induce Delayed Neuropathy (OPIDN). OPIDN usually occurs after ingestion and is usually nonoccupational. [Levy, p. 431] An eye irritant; Can be absorbed through skin; A cholinesterase inhibitor that may cause CNS effects (convulsions and respiratory failure) on short-term exposure; Extended or repeated exposure may cause delayed neuropathy; [ICSC] Reports of delayed neuropathy form occupational exposures; [HSDB] Also a metabolite of the OP pesticide acephate; A cholinesterase inhibitor that is one of the most acutely toxic of the OP pesticides; A moderate eye (corneal opacity persisting up to ten days in 2/6 rabbits) and mild skin irritant; Not sensitizing to guinea pig skin; Neuropathology observed in hens but not in rats; [Reference #2] Ranked second in the US for percentage of cases with life-threatening symptoms among occupational Poison Control Center cases; Reproductive studies have shown effects to several parameters at relatively low exposure levels; No evidence of mutagenicity or carcinogenicity; [UNEP DGDs]

Restricted

A restricted use pesticide in the US; Registration for cotton cancelled in 2009 with existing stocks to be used by September 2010; [Reference #2]

Reference Link

EXTOXNET PIP - METHAMIDOPHOS

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cholinesterase activity in red cells = 70% of individual's baseline, sample time discretionary; [ACGIH]

Vapor Pressure

3.5E-5 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 162 mg/m3/4hr

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Organophosphorus pesticide, solid, toxic."

Reference Link

EPA Pesticide Chemical Search

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Motor Neuropathy

Other Poison

Organophosphate

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: