Agent Name

Pentaethylene glycol

CAS Number

4792-15-8

Formula

C10-H22-O6

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

3,6,9,12-Tetraoxatetradecane-1,14-diol; [ChemIDplus] PentaEG; [OECD SIDS - Pentaethylene Glycol]

Category

Ethylene Glycols

Description

Liquid; [OECD SIDS - Pentaethylene Glycol] Colorless liquid; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used in commercial mixtures (with tri- and tetraethylene glycols) added to brake fluids and in cement grinding; [OECD SIDS - Pentaethylene Glycol] Not manufactured in the pure form in the US; Commercial mixtures with tetraethylene glycol are produced as byproducts following distillation of ethylene, diethylene, and triethylene glycols; [OECD SIDS - Ethylene Glycols Category]

Comments

Causes liver and male reproductive effects in 26-week intermittent oral studies of rats; [RTECS] Ethylene glycols: Category members demonstrate decreasing potential for systemic, reproductive, and developmental toxicity as the molecular weight increases; low dermal bioavailability; no evidence of skin sensitization in humans or guinea pigs; some evidence of mutagenicity; and no evidence of carcinogenicity. Pentaethylene glycol has the highest molecular weight in the category. The lowest molecular weight members produce renal toxicity by repeated oral exposure and developmental toxicity when rapidly ingested (bolus). These effects are not expected to occur with pentaethylene glycol; [OECD SIDS - Ethylene Glycols Category] A strong eye irritant; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Reference Link

OECD SIDS: Ethylene Glycols - 2004

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

VP = 1.08 E-7 - 2.99 E-7 mm Hg at 25 deg C; [OECD SIDS - Pentaethylene Glycol]

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: