Agent Name

Dinocap

CAS Number

39300-45-3

Formula

C18-H24-N2-O6

Major Category

Pesticides

Synonyms

Arathane; 2-Butenoic acid, 2-(1-methylheptyl)-4,6-dinitrophenyl ester; 2-Butenoic acid, 2(or 4)-isooctyl-4,6(or 2,6)-dinitrophenyl ester; Caprane; Capyldinitrophenyl crotonate; Caratan; Carathane; CR 1639; Crotonic acid, 2,4-dinitro-6-(1-methylheptyl)phenyl ester; Crotonic acid, 2,4-dinitro-6-(2-octyl)phenyl ester; Crotonic acid, 2-(1-methylheptyl)-4,6-dinitrophenyl ester; Crotothane; Dinitrocarylphenyl crotonate; 4,6-Dinitro-2-(2-capryl)phenyl crotonate; 2,4-Dinitro-6-(1-methylheptyl)phenyl crotonate; 4,6-Dinitro-2-(1-methylheptyl)phenyl crotonate; Dinitromethylheptylphenyl crotonate; DPC; Isocothane; Karatan; Karathane; 2-(1-Methylheptyl)-4,6-dinitrophenyl crotonate; Mildex; [HSDB]

Category

Herbicides, Nitroaromatic

Description

Dark, reddish-brown liquid; [EXTOXNET]

Sources/Uses

Nitrophenolic and nitrocresolic herbicides are used in some parts of the world as acaricides, nematocides, ovicides, and fungicides. "Only dinocap continues to have active registrations in the United States." [EPA Pesticides, p. 104] Control of mites on apples trees is the main application of dinocap in the United States. It is also used to kill powdery mildew on fruits, vegetables, and trees. [EXTOXNET]

Comments

The pathophysiology, like that of pentachlorophenol, involves the uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation. Yellow stains appear on the skin after dermal contact with the nitroaromatic herbicides. Fatal poisoning can occur after dermal absorption. Cataracts have been reported in animal experiments and after occupational exposure. In severe poisoning, these herbicides can cause injury to the liver and kidneys. [EPA Pesticides, p. 104-5] Dinocap is a potential skin sensitizer and reproductive toxin. [EXTOXNET]

Reference Link

EXTOXNET - Dinocap

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

4.0E-8 mm Hg

Reference Link

EPA Pesticide Chemical Search

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Other Poison

Uncoupler

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: