Agent Name

Azelaic acid

Alternative Name

Nonanedioic acid

CAS Number

123-99-9

Formula

C9-H16-O4

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

1,7-Heptanedicarboxylic acid; 1,9-Nonanedioic acid; Acide azelaique [French]; Acido azelaico [Spanish]; Acidum azelaicum [Latin]; Anchoic acid; Azelaic acid, technical grade; Azelex; Emerox 1110; Emerox 1144; Finacea; Heptanedicarboxylic acid; Lepargylic acid; Nonanedioic acid; ZK 62498; [ChemIDplus] Skinoren; [Merck Index]

Category

Organic Acids

Description

Yellowish to white solid; [HSDB] White flakes; [Acros Organics MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Found in rancid oleic acid; [Merck Index] Used in organic syntheses, lacquers, alkyd resins, low-temperature plasticizers, adhesives, polyamides, urethane elastomers, and for the treatment of acne; [HSDB] Natural component of foods such as whole grain cereals and animal products; [REPROTOX]

Comments

Linear alkyl diacids cluster: Group members and supporting chemicals demonstrate eye irritation in rabbits; no evidence of skin sensitization; low oral repeated dose systemic toxicity and developmental toxicity; no adverse effects to reproductive organs in repeated-dose studies; no evidence of mutagenicity; [EPA ChAMP: Hazard Characterization] May cause irritation; [Acros Organics MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.07E-8 mm Hg

Links to Other NLM Databases
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Processes

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