Agent Name

Aniline hydrochloride

CAS Number

142-04-1

Formula

C6-H7-N.Cl-H

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

''Aniline Salt''; Aniline chloride; Anilinium chloride; Chlorhydrate d'aniline [French]; Chlorid anilinu [Czech]; C.I. 76001; Phenylamine hydrochloride; Phenylammonium chloride; Sul anilinova [Czech]; Benzenamine, hydrochloride; [ChemIDplus] Benzenamine hydrochloride; Aniline salt; [ICSC] Clorhidrato de anilina (Spanish DOT); Hydrochloride benzenamide; [CAMEO] Aminobenzene hydrochloride; [Acros Organics MSDS] UN1548

Category

Amines, Aromatic

Description

White hygroscopic solid; Darkens on exposure to air and light; [ICSC] White to greenish solid; [CAMEO] White or black solid; [NTP] Off-white crystalline powder with a weak odor; Hygroscopic; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used to make dyes and printing inks; [CAMEO]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; May induce methemoglobinemia; May cause skin sensitization; Can be absorbed through skin; [ICSC] Causes severe skin and eye irritation; Toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption; Evidence for carcinogenicity in rats but not in mice; [NTP] An eye irritant that may cause serious injury; May cause skin sensitization; Toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "Aniline."

Exposure Assessment
Flammability (NFPA)

1: Must be preheated

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: