Agent Name

Bismuth nitrate pentahydrate

CAS Number

10035-06-0

Formula

Bi.5H2-O.3H-N-O3

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Bismuth trinitrate pentahydrate; Nitric acid, bismuth(3+) salt, pentahydrate; Bismuth nitrate, hydrate (1:5); [ChemIDplus] Bismuth(III) nitrate pentahydrate; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] UN1477

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Lustrous hygroscopic solid with an odor of nitric acid; [Merck Index] Hygroscopic solid; mp = 30 deg C; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used to make other bismuth salts and luminous paints; Also used to precipitate alkaloids; [Merck Index]

Comments

Causes methemoglobinemia-carboxyhemoglobin in acute inhalation studies of rats; Causes EKG changes, hypoglycemia, and weight loss in 17-week intermittent inhalation studies of rats; [RTECS] An oxidizing agent that may intensify fire; A moderate skin and eye irritant; Targets the kidney; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Bismuth." See "NITRATES and NITRITES."

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Nitrates, inorganic, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

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