Agent Name

Clove oil

CAS Number

8000-34-8

Formula

Unspecified

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

Cloveleaf oil; Eugenia caryophyllus oil; Clove absolute; Clove bud absolute; Clove bud oil; Clove bud oil (Eugenia spp.); Clove leaf absolure (Eugenia spp.); Clove leaf oil; Clove leaf oil (Eugenia spp.); Clove leaf oil, Indonesian; Clove leaf oil, rectified; Clove oil; Clove oil, redistilled; Clove resinoid; Clove stem oil; Eugenia aromatica bud oil; Eugenia aromatica leaf oil; Eugenia aromatica stem oil; Eugenia caryophyllata bud oil; Eugenia caryophyllata leaf oil; Eugenia caryophyllata stem oil; Nelken oel [German]; OIL Of clove; Oil clove; Oil clove leaf; Oil clove stem; Oil of clove bud; Oil of clove leaf, Madogoscar; Oils, clove; Oils, clove leaf; Oils, clove stem; Clove oil, bud; Clove oil, leaf; Clove oil, stem; Clove bud or leave oil; [ChemIDplus] Essential Clove Oil; Huile essentielle de Clous de Girofle; [ToxPlanet: EFSA: DAR - Vol. 1]

Category

Plant Oils and Extracts

Description

Colorless to pale yellow liquid; Darkens and thickens with age; [Merck Index] Dark brown liquid; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as a flavor (foods and pharmaceuticals), fragrance (dentifrices, soaps, lotions, and perfumes), therapeutic (carminative, counter-irritant, and analgesic), and eugenol source; [Merck Index] Permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products; [EPA] Used in the EU as an agricultural fungicide and bactericide for the post-harvest treatment of apples, pears, and peaches; [ToxPlanet: EFSA: DAR - Vol. 1] Used as a flavoring agent or adjuvant; [FDA]

Comments

Volatile oil from dried flower buds that contains 60-90% eugenol; [Merck Index] Comprised of over 80% eugenol (CAS# 97-53-0); An irritant; May cause skin sensitization; [ToxPlanet: EFSA: DAR - Vol. 1] A skin and strong eye irritant; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Eugenol."

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

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