Agent Name

Carboxymethyl cellulose

CAS Number

9000-11-7

Formula

C2-H4-O3.x-Unspecified

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

7H; 7H (carbohydrate); Acetic acid, hydroxy-, cellulose ether; Almelose; Apergel; Apeyel; CM-Cellulose; CMC; CMC-4LF; Carbose; Carboximethylcellulosum; Carboxymethyl cellulose ether; Carboxymethylated cellulose pulp; Carboxymethylcellulose; Carboxymethylcellulosum; Carmellose; Carmellosum [INN-Latin]; Carmelosa [INN-Spanish]; Cellulose GUM 7H; Cellulose carboxymethylate; Cellulose, (carboxymethyl); Cellulose, ether with glycolic acid; Celluloseglycolic acid; Colloresine; Croscarmellose; Croscarmellosum [INN-Latin]; Croscarmellosum [Latin]; Croscarmelosa [INN-Spanish]; Duodcel; Glycocel TA; Glycolic acid cellulose ether; KMTs; Thylose; Cellulose, carboxymethyl ether; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Polysaccharides

Description

White granular solid; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products; [EPA] Used as an anti-caking agent, drying agent, emulsifier, humectant, solvent, stabilizer or thickener, and surface-active agent for foods; [FDA] "Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) or cellulose gum is a cellulose derivative with carboxymethyl groups (-CH2-COOH) bound to some of the hydroxyl groups of the glucopyranose monomers that make up the cellulose backbone." [Wikipedia]

Comments

10% concentration causes moderate human skin irritation; [RTECS] May cause irritation; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Cellulose."

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