Agent Name

Glycidyl trimethyl ammonium chloride

Alternative Name

EPTMAC

CAS Number

3033-77-0

Formula

C6-H14-N-O.Cl

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

EPTMAC; 2,3-Epoxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride; Oxiranemethanaminium, N,N,N-trimethyl-, chloride; [Kanerva, p. 1793] 2,3-Epoxypropyl)trimethylammonium chloride; 1-(Trimethylammonio)-2,3-epoxypropane chloride; G-MAC; Glycidyl-trimethyl-ammonium chloride; Glytac; Glytac A 100; N,N,N-Trimethyloxiranemethanaminium chloride; N-Glycidyl-N,N,N-trimethylammonium chloride; Trimethylglycidylammonium chloride; beta,gamma-Epoxypropyltrimethylammonium chloride; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Quaternary Amines

Sources/Uses

Used in paper manufacturing; [Kanerva, p. 1793] The quarternary ammonium compounds are cationic surfactants and antimicrobial cleansers; [Marks, p. 265]

Comments

Allergic contact dermatitis reported in pulp and paper workers; [Kanerva, p. 1793] May cause skin sensitization; May have effects on the kidneys and reproductive system; Probably carcinogenic to humans; [ICSC] A skin and eye irritant; [ChemIDplus] See "Benzalkonium chloride."

Reference Link

Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from 2,3-epoxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (EPTMAC) and Kathon LX in a starch modification factory

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

"Danger of sensitization of skin." [MAK]

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: