Agent Name

Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium

CAS Number

9004-32-4

Formula

C2-H4-O3.x-Na.x-Unspecified

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

Carboxymethyl cellulose; Cellulose, carboxymethyl ether; 7H3SF; AC-Di-sol. NF; AKU-W 515; Aquaplast; Avicel RC/CL; B 10; B 10 (Polysaccharide); Blanose BS 190; Blanose BWM; CM-Cellulose sodium salt; CMC; CMC 2; CMC 3M5T; CMC 41A; CMC 4H1; CMC 4M6; CMC 7H; CMC 7H3SF; CMC 7L1; CMC 7M; CMC 7MT; CMC sodium salt; Camellose gum; Carbose 1M; Carboxymethylcellulose sodium; Carboxymethylcellulose sodium salt; Carboxymethylcellulose sodium, low-substituted; Carmellose gum; Carmellose sodium, low-substituted; Carmethose; Cellofas; Cellofas B; Cellofas B5; Cellofas B50; Cellofas B6; Cellofas C; Cellogel C; Cellogen 3H; Cellogen PR; Cellogen WS-C; Cellpro; Cellufix FF 100; Cellufresh; Cellugel; Cellulose carboxymethyl ether sodium salt; Cellulose glycolic acid, sodium salt; Cellulose gum; Cellulose sodium glycolate; Cellulose, carboxymethyl ether, sodium salt, low-substituted; Celluvisc; Collowel; Copagel PB 25; Courlose A 590; Courlose A 610; Courlose A 650; Courlose F 1000G; Courlose F 20; Courlose F 370; Courlose F 4; Courlose F 8; Daicel 1150; Daicel 1180; Edifas B; Ethoxose; Fine Gum HES; Glikocel TA; KMTs 212; KMTs 300; KMTs 500; KMTs 600; Lovosa; Lovosa 20alk.; Lovosa TN; Lucel (polysaccharide); Majol PLX; Modocoll 1200; NaCm-cellulose salt; Nymcel S; Nymcel ZSB 10; Nymcel ZSB 16; Nymcel slc-T; Polyfibron 120; Refresh Plus, Cellufresh Formula; S 75M; Sanlose SN 20A; Sarcell TEL; Sodium CM-cellulose; Sodium CMC; Sodium carboxmethylcellulose; Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose; Sodium carboxymethylcellulose; Sodium cellulose glycolate; Sodium glycolate cellulose; Sodium salt of carboxymethylcellulose; Tylose 666; Tylose C; Tylose C 1000P; Tylose C 30; Tylose C 300; Tylose C 600; Tylose CB 200; Tylose CB series; Tylose CBR 400; Tylose CBR series; Tylose CBS 30; Tylose CBS 70; Tylose CR; Tylose CR 50; Tylose DKL; Unisol RH; Carboxymethyl cellulose, sodium salt; Cellulose, carboxymethyl ether, sodium salt; Orabase; Cellulose carboxymethyl ether, sodium salt; [ChemIDplus] Cethylose; Cel-O-Brandt; Glykocellon; Carbose D; Xylo-Mucine; Tylose MGA; Cellolax; Polycell; [Merck Index]

Category

Polysaccharides

Description

White solid; Powdered form is hygroscopic; [Merck Index] White or slightly yellowish hygroscopic solid; Nearly odorless; [JECFA] Beige hygroscopic powder; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used in drilling muds, detergents, resin emulsion paints, adhesives, printing inks, and textile sizes; Also used as a protective colloid, a stabilizer for foods, and a pharmaceutical additive; [Merck Index] Used as a bulk laxative, emulsifier and thickener in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, and stabilizer for reagents; [ChemIDplus] Formerly registered in the US for use as an insecticide for ornamentals and flowering plants; [NPIRS] Permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products; [EPA] Used as an anticaking agent, drying agent, emulsifier, formulation aid, humectant, stabilizer or thickener, and texturizer in foods; [FDA]

Comments

Causes changes in liver weight, other changes in urine composition, and changes in sodium in 13-week constant oral studies of rats; [RTECS] May cause irritation; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Cellulose."

Exposure Assessment
Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) > 5,800 mg/m3/4hr

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: