Agent Name

Cocarboxylase

Alternative Name

Thiamine pyrophosphate

CAS Number

154-87-0

Formula

C12-H19-N4-O7-P2-S.Cl

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

B-Carbossilasi; B-Neurox; Berolase; Biosyth; Bioxilasi; Bioxylasi; Bivitasi; Co-B1; Co-carboxylase; Cocarbina; Cocarboxil; Cocarboxilasa [INN-Spanish]; Cocarboxylasum [INN-Latin]; Cocarvit; Coenbione; Coenzyme-B; Coneurina; Cothiamine; Coxylase; Diphosphothiamin; Diphosphothiamine; Farmaneurina; Metabolase; Nutrase; Pyrolase; Pyruvodehydrase; Stadion; TDP (thiamin ester); TPP (coenzyme); Thiamine pyrophosphoric ester; Thiamine pyrophosphate; Thiamine-PP; Thiaminediphosphate; Thiaminepyrophosphate; Thiaminpyrophosphate; Tiaxin; Pyrophosphoric ester of thiamine; Thiamine, trihydrogen pyrophosphate (ester); Thiazolium, 3-((4-amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-4-methyl-5-(4,6,6-trihydroxy-4,6-dioxido-3,5-dioxa-4,6-diphosphahex-1-yl)-, chloride; Thiazolium, 3-((4-amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-4-methyl-5-(4,6,6-trihydroxy-4,6-dioxido-3,5-dioxa-4,6-diphosphahex-1-yl)-, chloride (1:1); [ChemIDplus] Thiamine diphosphate; 3-[(4-Amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl]-4-methyl-5-(4,6,6-trihydroxy-4,6-dioxido-3,5-dioxa-4,6-diphosphahex-1-yl)thiazolium chloride (1:1); Thiamine diphosphate ester chloride; TDP; TPP; Cocalose; [Merck Index] Thiamine pyrophosphate chloride; Cocarboxylase (chloride); Pyrophosphate of [(amino-4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl-5)methyl-3-methyl-4-thiazolio-3-yl-5]-2-ethyl chloride; Thiamin diphosphate chloride; TPP chloride; TDP chloride; Thiaminium diphosphoric acid ester chloride; Thiaminium pyrophosphate chloride; Thiaminium pyrophosphoric acid ester chloride; [ToxPlanet: EFSA]

Category

Vitamins and Derivatives

Description

Colorless or white solid; [ToxPlanet: EFSA] White powder; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Most abundant form of thiamine in animals; [Merck Index] The coenzyme form of vitamin B1 found in numerous animal tissues; [ChemIDplus] Present in foods such as vegetables, meats, cereals, legumes, and yeast; Used as a source of thiamine (vitamin B1) in foods and dietary supplements; [ExPub: EFSA]

Comments

May cause irritation; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

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