Agent Name

Cochineal

CAS Number

1343-78-8

Formula

Unspecified

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

Cochineal (dye); Cochineal concentrate -7-fold; Cochineal concentrate type M; Cochineal concentrate type P; Cochineal solution; Cochineal tincture; ENJI; Cochineal, dye; [ChemIDplus] Cochineal silver grain GPR; [Merck Eurolab MSDS]

Category

Animal-Derived Allergens

Description

Red powder; [TCI America MSDS] Silver-grey dried insects; [Merck Eurolab MSDS]

Sources/Uses

"TSCA Definition 2008: Extractives and their physically modified derivatives such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, inorganic ions, etc. obtained from Coccidae." [ChemIDplus] Extract from the dried bodies of female Dactylopius coccus Costa insects; Used directly in foods and further processed to carmines; [JECFA]

Comments

Carminic acid is the coloring principle; Reports of occupational asthma in the food industry, cosmetics industry, and from extraction of carmine from insects; [JECFA] May cause irritation; [TCI America MSDS] See "Carmine" and "Carminic acid."

Reference Link

Occupational asthma and immunologic responses induced by inhaled carmine among employees at a factory making natural dyes.

Adverse Effects
Asthma

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: