Agent Name

Copper(II) nitrate trihydrate

CAS Number

10031-43-3

Formula

N2-O6.Cu.3H2-O

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Copper dinitrate trihydrate; Copper nitrate trihydrate; Copper(2+) nitrate trihydrate; Cupric nitrate trihydrate; Gerhardite; Nitric acid, copper(2+) salt, trihydrate; Copper(II) nitrate, trihydrate (1:2:3); [ChemIDplus] UN1477

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Blue deliquescent solid; [Merck Index] Dark blue hygroscopic crystals; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used in light-sensitive paper, ceramics, textile dyeing (mordant), nickel-plating baths, aluminum brighteners, wood-preservatives, fungicides, herbicides, pyrotechnic compositions, and catalysts; Also used as a reagent for burnishing iron, giving a black "antique" finish to copper, coloring zinc brown, and a nitrating agent for aromatic organosilicon compounds; [Merck Index]

Comments

An oxidizer that may intensify fire; Causes burns; Inhalation may cause corrosive injuries to upper respiratory tract and lungs; Harmful by ingestion and skin absorption; Targets the blood, liver, kidney, CNS, and vascular system; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Copper(II) nitrate."

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

1 mg/m3, as Cu

PEL (OSHA)

1 mg/m3, as Cu

MAK

0.01 mg/m3, respirable fraction (Cu, inorganic cmpnds)

IDLH (NIOSH)

100 mg/m3, as Cu

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Nitrates, inorganic, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: