Agent Name

Copper(II) chloride dihydrate

Alternative Name

Cupric chloride dihydrate

CAS Number

10125-13-0; 13933-17-0

Formula

Cl2-Cu.2H2-O

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Copper chloride dihydrate; Copper(2+) chloride dihydrate; Copper(II)chloride dihydrate; Coppertrace; Cupric chloride; Cupric chloride dihydrate; [ChemIDplus] UN2802

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Green to blue solid; Deliquescent in moist air, efflorescent in dry air; [Merck Index] Dark blue hygroscopic solid; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used in: 1.) petroleum industry (deodorizing, desulfurizing, and purifying agent); 2.) pigment and dye industries (as a mordant for dyeing and printing textiles, oxidizing agent for aniline dyestuffs, in indelible, invisible, and laundry-marking inks, in pigments for glass and ceramics, and in pyrotechnic colors); 3.) metallurgy (wet process for recovering mercury from ores; refining copper, gold, and silver; in analytical chemistry for testing for molybdenum; and in tinting-baths for iron and tin); 4.) electroplating (electrotyping baths for plating copper on aluminum); 5.) photography (fixer, desensitizer, and reagent); and 6.) other industries (feed-additive, wood preservative, and disinfectant); [Merck Index]

Comments

Causes somnolence, tremor, and respiratory depression in acute oral studies of mice; [RTECS] A skin and mucous membrane irritant; [Merck Index] A skin and strong eye irritant; Prolonged or extreme exposure may cause severe tissue destruction; Harmful by ingestion; Targets the liver, nerves, kidney, and lungs; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Copper(II) chloride." See "Copper."

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

1 mg/m3, as Cu

PEL (OSHA)

1 mg/m3, as Cu

MAK

0.01 mg/m3, respirable fraction (Cu, inorganic cmpnds)

IDLH (NIOSH)

100 mg/m3, as Cu

Adverse Effects
Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: