Agent Name

Povidone-iodine

Alternative Name

Betadine

CAS Number

25655-41-8

Formula

(C6-H9-N-O)x-.xI2

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

Betadine; 1-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone polymer W/iodine; 1-Ethenyl-2-pyrrolidinone homopolymer compound with iodine; 1-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone polymer, compd. with iodine; 1-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone polymer, compound with iodine; 1-Vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone polymers, iodine complex; 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-ethenyl-, homopolymer, compd. with iodine; Argentyne; Betadin; Betadine; Betadine (VAN); Betaisodona; Braunol; Braunosan H; Bridine; Disadine D.P.; Disphex; E-Z Prep; E-Z Prep 220; E-Z Scrub 201; E-Z Scrub 241; E-z Scrub; Efo-dine; Inadine; Iodinated poly(vinylpyrrolidone); Iodine-poly(vinylpyrrolidinone); Iodine-polyvinylpyrrolidone complex; Iodopoly(vinyl pyrrolidinone); Isobetadyne; Isodine; PVP iodine; PVP-I; PVP-Iodine; PVP-Iodine, 30-06; Poly(1-(2-oxo-1-pyrrolidinyl)ethylene)iodine complex; Poly(vinylpyrrolidinone) iodide; Poly(vinylpyrrolidinone)-iodine complex; Poly(vinylpyrrolidone) - iodine complex; Poly(vinylpyrrolidone)-iodine adduct; Polyvinylpyrrolidone compound with iodine; Polyvinylpyrrolidone-iodine complex; Povadyne; Povidone iodine; Povidone-iodine; Povidone-lodine; Proviodine; Pvp-1; Traumasept; Ultradine; Videne; 2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-vinyl-, polymers, compd. with iodine (8CI); Polyvinylpyrrolidone - iodine complex; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Biocides/Disinfectants

Description

Yellowish-brown amorphous hygroscopic powder; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Use to clean contaminated wounds and for pre-operative preparation of the skin; [HSDB] Used as a suspending agent, dispersing agent, and vehicle for pharmaceuticals, as a blood volume expander, topical antiseptic, and for infections of the skin and mucous membranes; The iodine can be radiolabeled for research applications; [ChemIDplus]

Comments

Pool cleaners using full-strength Betadine may develop irritant contact dermatitis; [Kanerva, p. 1702] Repeated or prolonged skin contact may cause dermatitis; [ICSC] Avoided during pregnancy for concern of iodine exposure, although no adverse effects to pregnancy outcome have been reported; [REPROTOX] A mild to severe skin irritant; [RTECS] An irritant; May cause skin sensitization; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Reference Link

EPA Pesticide Chemical Search

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

0.01 ppm, inhalable fraction and vapor (iodides)

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Processes

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