Agent Name

Quinidine

CAS Number

56-54-2

Formula

C20-H24-N2-O2

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

(+)-Quinidine; (8R,9S)-Quinidine; (9S)-6'-Methoxycinchonan-9-ol; (9S)-6-Methoxy-alpha-(5-vinyl-2-quinuclidinyl)-4-quinolinemethanol; Chinidin [German]; Cinchonan-9-ol, 6'-methoxy-, (9S)-; Conchinin; Conquinine; Pitayine; alpha-(6-Methoxy-4-quinolyl)-5-vinyl-2-quinuclidinemethanol (9S)-; beta-Quinine; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Plant Toxins

Description

Triboluminescent solid; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Used as a human and veterinary antiarrhythmic and human antimalarial; [Merck Index]

Comments

"Quinidine sulfate has elicited contact allergy in production workers, and patch test with quinine were negative." [Kanerva, p. 435] Quinidine may induce photosensitivity in patients taking it systemically (photodrug reaction). [Marks, p. 201-3] As an oral medication, quinidine is used to treat heart arrhythmias. Many side effects have been reported after ingestion of therapeutic doses, including immune hemolytic anemia and drug-induced hepatitis. [HSDB] Therapeutic serum levels are 2-4 mg/L, and serious adverse effects are unusual in that range. A one gram dose is potentially lethal to adults. Toxic effects include ventricular tachycardia and depression of cardiac contractility. Other symptoms are vomiting, diarrhea, and anticholinergic effects. Seizures and coma may follow. Symptoms of chronic poisoning (cinchonism) are tinnitus, vertigo, deafness, and visual dsturbances. [Olson, p. 398-9]

Reference Link

The lymphocyte transformation test for diagnosis of drug-induced occupational allergy

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: