Agent Name

DMDM hydantoin

Alternative Name

1,3-Dimethylol-5,5-dimethyl hydantoin

CAS Number

6440-58-0

Formula

C7-H12-N2-O4

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

1,3-Dimethylol-5,5-dimethyl hydantoin; 1,3-Bis(hydroxymethyl)-5,5-dimethyl-2,4-imidazolidinedione; 1,3-Bis(hydroxymethyl)-5,5-dimethylhydantoin; 1,3-Di(hydroxymethyl)-5,5-dimethylhydantoin; 1,3-Dimethylol-5,5-dimethylhydantoin; DMDM hydantoin; Dantoin dmdmh 55; Dantoin-DMDMH; Dimethylol-5,5-dimethylhydantoin; DMDMH; DMDMH 55; Glycoserve-DMDMH; Glydant; 1,3-Bis(hydroxymethyl)-5,5-dimethylimidazolidine-2,4-dione; 2,4-Imidazolidinedione, 1,3-bis(hydroxymethyl)-5,5-dimethyl-; Hydantoin, 1,3-bis(hydroxymethyl)-5,5-dimethyl-; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Biocides/Disinfectants

Sources/Uses

Used as a biocide in cosmetics with 0.6% the maximum allowable concentration in the EU; [Kanerva, p. 398, 407] Used as an antimicrobial pesticide in cleaning products, adhesives, air fresheners, caulks, hydraulic fluids, inks, metal working cutting fluids, paints, stains, coatings, paper and paperboard coatings, polishes, synthetic polymers, sealants, starch solutions, resin emulsions, textiles, and wax; [Reference #1]

Comments

A formaldehyde releaser used in cosmetics; It can cause allergic contact dermatitis; "Rinse off products in general will have a low risk of causing allergic contact dermatitis." [Kanerva, p. 398-404] Reports of positive results for skin sensitization patch testing; [HSDB] A formaldehyde releasing agent present in combination with MDM hydantoin (CAS# 116-25-6) in the commercial product 2,4 Imidazolidinedione; Likely hydrolyzes/degrades to 5,5-dimethylhydantoin (DMH); [Reference #1] See "5,5-Dimethylhydantoin" and "Formaldehyde."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.06E-9 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: