Agent Name

Cystamine

CAS Number

51-85-4

Formula

C4-H12-N2-S2

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

1591 L; 2,2'-Dithiobis(ethylamine); 2-Mercaptoethylamine (oxidized); Becaptan disulfure [French]; Bis(beta-aminoethyl)disulfide; Cysteinamine disulfide; Cystinamin [German]; Cystineamine; Decarboxycystine; Mercamine disulfide; beta,beta'-Diaminodiethyl disulfide; beta-Mercaptoethylamine disulfide; Ethanamine, 2,2'-dithiobis-; Ethylamine, 2,2'-dithiobis-; [ChemIDplus] 2,2'-Dithiobisethanamine; Bis(beta-aminoethyl)disulfide; [Merck Index]

Category

Sulfur Compounds

Description

Viscous liquid; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

"A radiation-protective agent that interferes with sulfhydryl enzymes. It may also protect against carbon tetrachloride liver damage." [ChemIDplus] Cystamine is formed when cystine is heated; it is unstable and generally handled as the dihydrochloride salt; [Wikipedia]

Comments

Causes general anesthesia, elevated blood pressure, convulsions, and lung changes in subcutaneous lethal-dose studies of mammals; [RTECS] See "Cystamine dihydrochloride."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Other Information

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