Agent Name

4-Aminodiphenylamine

CAS Number

101-54-2

Formula

C12-H12-N2

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1,4-Benzenediamine, N-phenyl-; 4-Aminodiphenylamine; Acna Black DF Base; Azosalt R; Black Base P; C.I. 37240; C.I. 76085; C.I. Azoic Diazo Component 22; C.I. Developer 15; C.I. Oxidation Base 2; CI 37240; CI 76085; CI Azoic Diazo Component 22; CI Developer 15; CI Oxidation Base 2; Diphenyl Black; Diphenylamine, 4-amino-; Diphenylamine, p-amino-; Fast Blue R Salt; Luxan Black R; N, 4'-Bianiline; N-4'-Bianiline; N-Fenyl-p-fenylendiamin [Czech]; N-Phenyl-1,4-benzenediamine; N-Phenyl-1,4-phenylenediamine; N-Phenyl-p-aminoaniline; N-Phenyl-p-phenylenediamine; Naphthoelan Navy Blue; Oxy Acid Black Base; Peltol BR; Peltol BR II; Rodol Gray B base; Semidin; Semidine; Variamine Blue RT; Variamine Blue Salt RT; p-(Phenylamino)aniline; p-Aminodifenylamin [Czech]; p-Aminodiphenylamine; p-Anilinoaniline; p-Phenylenediamine, N-phenyl-; p-Semidine; [ChemIDplus] UN8027

Category

Amines, Polyaromatic

Description

Purple powder or needles; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Used to produce dyes, pharmaceuticals, and photographic chemicals; [HSDB] Formerly used as a hair dye; [Kanerva, p. 1749]

Comments

Potential adverse effects form using this hair dye include dermatitis, eye injury, and liver damage. [HSDB] When it was used in hair dyes, sensitization was relatively low in hairdressers; [Kanerva, p. 1749] A skin and eye irritant; May cause skin sensitization; Can induce methemoglobinemia if ingested; [ICSC] Skin designation; Danger of skin sensitization; 3B carcinogen; [MAK]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.21E-5 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 380 deg F';

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

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Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: