Agent Name

Dextran

CAS Number

9004-54-0

Formula

Unspecified

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

Dextran 40; Dextran 40,70,110; Dextran 70; Dextrano [INN-Spanish]; Dextrans; Dextranum; Dextranum 40,70; Dextranum [INN-Latin]; Eudextran; Gentran 40; LMD; LMWD; LVD; Lomodex 40; Low molecular dextran-L; Macrodex; Polyglucinum; Rheomacrodex; Rheopolyglucine; Dextran 1; Dextran 10; Dextran 11; Dextran 2; Dextran 5; Polyglusol; [ChemIDplus] Gentran; Hemodex; Intradex; Promit; [Merck Index]

Category

Polysaccharides

Description

Dextran 1: White to off-white hygroscopic solid; [Merck Index] White crystals; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Bacteria growing on a sucrose substrate produce this polysaccharide, which is composed of alpha-D-glucopyranosyl units with different branching and chain lengths; Used in soft center confections, as a barley malt substitute, and as a plasma volume expander; Mixed ethers and esters can be used in lacquers; [Merck Index] Used as a formulation and processing aid, stabilizer or thickener, surface finishing agent, and texturizer for foods; [FDA]

Comments

Dextrans have been administered intravenously to pregnant women with no apparent adverse effects; Rare anaphylactic reactions have been reported; [REPROTOX] May cause irritation; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

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