Agent Name

Acetyl chloride

CAS Number

75-36-5

Formula

C2-H3-Cl-O

Major Category

Toxic Gases & Vapors

Synonyms

Acetic acid, chloride; Acetic chloride; Ethanoyl chloride; [ChemIDplus] UN1717

Category

Acid Halides

Description

Colorless fuming liquid; [HSDB] Pungent odor; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Used in chemical production and assays; [HSDB]

Comments

Corrosive to skin; [Quick CPC] A corrosive substance that can cause pulmonary edema; [ICSC] Reacts violently with water; Can cause severe burns; [Merck Index] Human inhalation of 2 ppm for 1 minute causes other changes in olfaction and lungs, thorax, or respiration; Causes spastic paralysis, excitement, and other changes in lungs, thorax, or respiration in oral lethal-dose studies of rats; [RTECS] See the Process, "Toxic Gas from Spilling Chemical in Water."

Exposure Assessment
Dangerous When Wet

Yes - A material that, by contact with water, is liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable or toxic gas at a rate greater than 1 L per kilogram of the material, per hour; [ERG 2004]

Vapor Pressure

287 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 4 deg C;

Flammability (NFPA)

3: May ignite at ambient temperature

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

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