Agent Name

Disodium hydrogen citrate

CAS Number

144-33-2

Formula

C6-H8-O7.2Na

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, disodium salt; Alkacitron; Citralka; Citric acid, disodium salt; Disodium 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylate; Disodium citrate; Disodium monohydrogen citrate; Natrium citricum [German]; Sodium acid citrate; Sodium citrate; Sodium citrate, acid; 1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, sodium salt (1:2); [ChemIDplus] di-Sodium hydrogen citrate; [Merck Eurolab MSDS]

Category

Organic Acids, Metal Salts

Description

White solid; [Merck Index] White powder or fine crystals; Odorless; [Merck Eurolab MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used almost exclusively as an anticoagulant for blood transfusions; [HSDB] Used as a stabilizer or thickener for foods; [FDA] Permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products; [EPA]

Comments

Causes convulsions and cyanosis in intravenous and intraperitoneal lethal-dose studies of mice and rats; [RTECS] An eye and respiratory tract irritant; [Merck Eurolab MSDS] See "Citric acid."

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