Agent Name

Butyl formate

Alternative Name

Formic acid, butyl ester

CAS Number

592-84-7

Formula

C5-H10-O2

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

Butyl methanoate; Butylester kyseliny mravenci [Czech]; Formic acid, butyl ester; n-Butyl formate; n-Butyl methanoate; [ChemIDplus] UN1128

Category

Esters (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid; [ICSC]

Sources/Uses

Used as flavoring agent or adjuvant; [FDA]

Comments

Readily forms explosive mixtures with air; An eye and respiratory tract irritant; May cause CNS effects; [ICSC] May cause smarting and reddening of skin if spilled and allowed to remain on clothes; High vapor concentrations may cause mild smarting of eyes and respiratory system and have a narcotic effect; [CHRIS] Acute inhalation of 10,418 ppm in humans causes eye irritation, muscle contraction or spasticity, and lung changes; [RTECS] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] An eye and respiratory tract irritant; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

28.9 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (cat) = 10,418 ppm/70min

Flammability (NFPA)

3: May ignite at ambient temperature

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: