Agent Name

Epibromohydrin

CAS Number

3132-64-7

Formula

C3-H5-Br-O

Major Category

Plastics & Rubber

Synonyms

alpha-Epibromohydrin; (Bromomethyl)ethylene oxide; (Bromomethyl)oxirane; 1,2-Epoxy-3-bromopropane; 1-Bromo-2,3-epoxypropane; 2-(Bromomethyl)oxirane; 3-Bromo-1,2-epoxypropane; Epibromhidrina [Spanish]; Epibromhydrin; Epibromhydrine [French]; Epibromohydrine; Oxirane, (bromomethyl)-; Propane, 1-bromo-2,3-epoxy-; Propane, 3-bromo-1,2-epoxy-; Oxirane, 2-(bromomethyl)-; [ChemIDplus] UN2558

Category

Epoxides

Description

Colorless liquid; [CAMEO] Clear yellow liquid; [NTP]

Sources/Uses

Used as a flame retardant and for cross-linking polymers; Formerly used as a sporicide; [HSDB] Used to make rubber; [CAMEO]

Comments

Highly toxic; [Quick CPC] Emergency treatment: "Epichlorohydrin" [HSDB] Highly irritating to skin; Toxic by ingestion and inhalation; [CAMEO] May have corrosive effects to skin and cause lachrymation, coughing, laryngitis, headache, vomiting, and injury to lungs, liver, and kidneys; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema; [NTP] An irritant; Toxic by ingestion; Targets lungs, liver, and kidney; [Aldrich MSDS] See "Epichlorohydrin."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

VP = 9.9 mm Hg at 25 deg C; [ChemIDplus]

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Lacrimator

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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