Agent Name

Isobutylamine

Alternative Name

2-Methylpropylamine

CAS Number

78-81-9

Formula

C4-H11-N

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

2-Methylpropylamine; 1-Amino-2-methylpropane; 1-Propanamine, 2-methyl-; 3-Methyl-2-propylamine; I-Butylamine; Monoisobutylamine; Valamine; 2-Methylpropylamine; [ChemIDplus] 2-Methyl-1-propanamine; [ICSC] UN1214

Category

Amines, Aliphatic

Description

Colorless liquid with an amine odor; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Used in the production of insecticides and other organic chemicals; [HSDB]

Comments

Corrosive to skin; [Quick CPC] High inhalation exposure can cause pulmonary edema; [ICSC] Contact with skin may cause erythema and blistering; [Merck Index] Causes convulsions and ataxia in oral lethal-dose studies of rats; [RTECS] Short-term exposure causes second- and third-degree burns and corneal edema; Inhalation causes intense coughing, chest pain, and possibly pulmonary edema; [CHRIS] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA]

Exposure Assessment
MAK

2 ppm

Vapor Pressure

138 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Boiling point = 68-69 degrees C; [ICSC]

Flammability (NFPA)

3: May ignite at ambient temperature

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Other Information

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