Agent Name

Erythritol

CAS Number

149-32-6

Formula

C4-H10-O4

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

Antierythrite; C*Eridex; Erythrit; Erythritol, meso-; Erythrol; Erythrol (VAN); L-Erythritol; Mesoerythritol; NIK 242; Paycite; Phycitol; meso-Erythritol; 1,2,3,4-Butanetetrol, (2R,3S)-rel-; 1,2,3,4-Butanetetrol, (R*,S*)-; 1,2,3,4-Butanetetrol, (theta,S)-; [ChemIDplus] (2R,3S)-rel-1,2,3,4-Butanetetrol; Erythrite; Erythroglucin; Phycite; [Merck Index]

Category

Food Additives

Description

Solid; [Merck Index] White odorless solid; [JECFA]

Sources/Uses

Occurs naturally in fruits and fermented foods; Used as a food additive (non-nutritive sweetener); [Merck Index] Used in pharmaceuticals and to make erythrityl tetranitrate; [HSDB] Used as a flavor enhancer, humectant, carrier, and sweetener for foods; [JECFA]

Comments

No evidence of reproductive toxicity, developmental toxicity, or teratogenicity in rats or rabbits even at very high doses (10% dietary or 5,000 mg/kg/day intravenously); [REPROTOX] Ingestion of 50 grams can cause nausea and mild GI discomfort; [Reference #1] May cause irritation; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Reference Link

Gastrointestinal tolerance of erythritol and xylitol ingested in a liquid.

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.37E-5 mm Hg

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.