Agent Name

Lithium hydroxide

CAS Number

1310-65-2

Formula

H-Li-O

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Lithium hydroxide anhydrous; [ChemIDplus] UN2680; UN2679 (solution)

Category

Bases

Description

White crystals or granular powder; [AIHA] Readily absorbs carbon dioxide and water from air; [Merck Index] White odorless granules; Hygroscopic; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used in photographic developing solutions, alkaline storage batteries, lithium-based greases, polymerization catalysts, carbon dioxide absorbents, alkyd paints, textile dye solubilizers, and copper electroplating baths; Produced along with lithium oxide when lithium-aluminum alloys are heated by welding or cutting; [AIHA] Used in cosmetics; [ExPub: EC]

Comments

Corrosive to skin; [Quick CPC] High inhalation exposure can cause pulmonary edema; [ICSC] Causes abnormal liver function test results in animal experiments; [RTECS] See "Lithium oxide."

Exposure Assessment
WEEL

Ceiling = 1 mg/m3

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 960 mg/m3/4hr

Reference Link

ICSC: Lithium hydroxide

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: