Agent Name

n-Pentylamine

Alternative Name

n-Amylamine

CAS Number

110-58-7

Formula

C5-H13-N

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1-Aminopentane; 1-Pentanamine; 1-Pentylamine; Amylamine; Monoamylamine; Norleucamine; Pentylamine; [ChemIDplus] UN1106

Category

Amines, Aliphatic

Description

Colorless liquid with an ammoniacal odor; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used as a chemical intermediate, solvent, gasoline additive, and in corrosion inhibitors, dyestuffs, flotation agents, rubber chemicals, insecticides, and pharmaceuticals; [NTP]

Comments

Corrosive to skin; [Quick CPC] A severe irritant; [NTP] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] Causes burns; Inhalation may cause corrosive injuries to upper respiratory tract and lungs; Harmful by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

91 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 2,000 ppm/4hr

Explanatory Notes

VP = 30 mm Hg at 25 deg C; [ChemIDplus] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Amylamines."

Flammability (NFPA)

3: May ignite at ambient temperature

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
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