Agent Name

Germanium tetrachloride

CAS Number

10038-98-9

Formula

Cl4-Ge

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Germanium chloride; Germanium(IV) chloride; Germanium, tetrachloro-; Tetrachlorogermane; Germane, tetrachloro-; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Metalloid Compounds (Germanium)

Description

Liquid that fumes in air; Peculiar acidic odor; [Merck Index] Colorless liquid; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as a semiconductor; [REPROTOX]

Comments

Volatile at room temperature; Hydrolyzed by water; Fumes cause eye, mucous membrane, and respiratory tract irritation; [Merck Index] A severe eye irritant; Causes conjunctival irritation, somnolence, acute pulmonary edema, diffuse hepatitis, and acute renal failure in inhalation lethal-concentration studies of mice; [RTECS] Reacts violently with water; Causes burns and lachrymation; Inhalation may cause corrosive injuries to upper respiratory tract and lungs; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Germanium."

Exposure Assessment
Lethal Concentration

LC50 (mouse) = 44,000 mg/m3/2hr

Adverse Effects
Lacrimator

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: