Agent Name

Gluconolactone

CAS Number

90-80-2

Formula

C6-H10-O6

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

beta-Glucono-1,5-lactone; 1,5-D-Gluconolactone; 1,5-Gluconolactone; D-Gluconic acid delta-lactone; D-Gluconic acid lactone; D-Gluconic delta-lactone; D-Glucono-1,5-lactone; D-delta-Gluconolactone; Deltagluconolactone; Gluconic acid lactone (6CI); Gluconic delta-lactone; Glucono delta lactone; Glucono delta-lactone; delta-Gluconolactone; D-Gluconic acid, delta-lactone; D-Gluconic acid-delta-lactone; Gluconic acid, delta-lactone, D-; delta-D-Gluconolactone; [ChemIDplus] Fujiglucon; [Merck Index] Lysactone; GDL; Gluconic acid 1,5lactone; Pentahydroxy hexane acid1,5lactone; [IUCLID] D(-)-Pentahydroxycaproic acid-1,5-lactone; Glucono-1,5-lactone; Pentahydroxycaproic acid 1,5-lactone; [OECD SIDS: IUCLID Data Set] D-(+)-Glucono-1,5-lactone; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Category

Food Additives

Description

White solid; [HSDB] Crystals; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used in cleaning compounds, the dairy and brewery industries, textile printing, and tofu production (coagulant); [Merck Index] Used as a curing or pickling agent, flavoring agent, formulation aid, leavening agent, pH control agent, and sequestrant for foods; [FDA] Permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products; [EPA] Important intermediate in carbohydrate metabolism in mammals; Used for industrial cleaning, metal surface treatment, textile bleach stabilizing, aluminum processing, and as a chelating agent in cement set retarding, cleaning products, personal care products, pharmaceuticals, and foods; [Reference #1] A naturally-occurring food additive that is metabolized to glucose; A lactone (cyclic ester) of D-gluconic acid; Hydrolyzes in water to gluconic acid, giving fruit juices and wine a tangy taste; [Wikipedia]

Comments

Not irritating or sensitizing; No significant adverse effects observed in sub-chronic or chronic animal studies; No evidence of reproductive or developmental toxicity; [Reference #1] Hydrolyzed by water forming gluconic acid; [Merck Index] May cause irritation; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "Gluconic acid."

Reference Link

OECD SIDS: Gluconic acid and its derivatives - 2004

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.8E-9 mm Hg

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: